Over the Horizon is approaching the first anniversary of its January 2017 inception and it’s time to celebrate! By bringing together disparate, often competing, perspectives,
In the latest installment of our Human Domain series, Louis L. Cook examines Information Operations effectiveness in multi-domain operations through a focused look at the offensive and defensive uses of Operations Security (OPSEC).
Seventy years of American invulnerability to existential threats is coming to an end and Civilian and Military leaders will have to adapt.
Protected by two oceans, the United States enjoys the most defensible real estate in the world. Additionally, if the rest of the world floated their
Peter Layton explores how future warfighting concepts and network/combat cloud design are now interdependent – with the actual platform design of more secondary importance. He notes how, in moving to a fifth-generation force, networks and combat clouds are the fundamental building blocks and we need to get them right.
Much of the debate over future force structure, command and control, and strategy writ large is littered with unexplored assumptions and muddled thinking. This article explores some of the most recent examples of imprecise language, unqualified assumptions, and outright myths one frequently sees as the US Department of Defense attempts to build a ready force that can match lethality and military effectiveness with purpose in the emerging operational environment.
OTH takes a deeper look at some challenges and rhetoric surrounding “5th Generation Warfare.”
Gene Kranz gives his perspective on leadership and forging a team that can manage significant risk to accomplish difficult tasks.
Lt Gen Kwast gives his perspective of the emerging security environment and the challenges facing the United States.
OTH Interviews with Lt Gen Steven Kwast, AETC Commander, and Gene Kranz, Apollo 13 mission commander
Part 2 of the conclusion to a series on training and developing autonomous wingmen for future aerial combat.
In part 1 of a 2-part series conclusion, Nick Helms discusses foundations and processes for testing and training autonomous air vehicles.
Theater-level ISR C2 must be modernized to ensure the Joint Force is prepared for a complex future and can achieve multi-domain success.
Authors Jefferson, Hans, and Wehrle use historical examples and national security to discuss the importance of deep space exploration and the requirement for advanced propulsion systems.
In commemoration of Veterans Day and Remembrance Day we offer the speech delivered by John F. Kennedy at Arlington National Cemetery on this day in 1961.
In OTH’s fourth podcast we examine the concept of cognitive warfare and what it means for the future security environment.
Brandon Losacker examines how the US Air Force can achieve a more capable CSAR aircraft to ensure its promise to American and allied warriors on future battlefields.
In an interview, Lt Gen David Deptula (Ret) shares his perspective on current and future challenges for USAF leaders and joint operations.
Lt Gen David Deptula (Ret) shares his perspective on the Combat Cloud, ISR, and the need for airmen to serve as joint warfighting commanders.
This article on Mission Command looks at how contested domains will force subordinate leaders to make timely decisions that either seize or forfeit the initiative.
As the future battlefield continues to be debated, a topic of conversation is the role of Mission Command in Multi-Domain Battle.
The AF concept of UAVs has centered on combat missions, leaving airlift as largely unexplored potential.
This is the first installment of our new Human Domain series. In it, Robert M. Schoenhaus discusses the importance of considering human influence when taking an indirect approach to operational planning and introduces the term “social intelligence.”
This year, Over the Horizon will present a series of articles related to the Human Domain to promote conversation about this critical, but often ignored, domain.
In an interview, Lt Gen David Deptula (Ret) shares his perspective on current and future challenges for the USAF leaders and the Joint Force.
In this article, we are delving into the concept of trust as it applies to training autonomous air vehicles like human wingmen or co-pilots.
In a candid interview, retired Lt Gen David Deptula, shares his perspective on current and future challenges for USAF leaders and the Joint Force.
Russia is using nationalism to regain control over former Soviet Union States, a phenomenon predicted by Halford Mackinder in 1904.
Further advancing our conversation on approaching risk in a future characterized by complexity and uncertainty, David Pappalardo presents Risk and Courage.
Through historic analysis, Losacker discusses the requirement for organic firepower as a part of future survivable rescue helicopters.
Through historic analysis, Losacker discusses how current and future conflicts require a large dispersed fleet of vertical rescue assets.
Through a historic analysis, Brandon Losacker discusses how speed, inventory, and armament affect the survival of a rescue vehicle.
An Armenian perspective on the dynamics of US–Russia relations and their implications for the South Caucasus.
DROP ZONE: Geopolitics in the South Caucasus
This is the first article in a multi-part series focused on modernizing Command and Control (C2) of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR).
This is the second installation in a series addressing the future of autonomous aerial systems training and acquisition.
The forthcoming series of articles explores a future ISR C2 realm centered on multi-domain speed, agility, and flexibility enabled by a multi-domain maneuver concept of operations.
Autonomous air vehicles in a combat environment will be more useful if they are capable of adapting effectively to changing human demands.
To comprehend how a single generation can affect the nuclear enterprise, we should examine what is missing from the current organizational culture models.
This article starts a series discussing how to develop, train, and employ unmanned platforms in future aerial combat.
This article visits traceable history of Air Force mismanagement of the combat rescue helicopter forces that are the backbone of the larger joint and coalition personnel recovery enterprise.
Welcome to OTH’s third podcast! For this episode, we turn our attention to the evolving character of risk in the emerging security environment.
International security is a high-stakes competition in which risk is a central and constant factor. The changes taking place across the broad competition-space are simultaneously
Joint Doctrine does not sufficiently and separately address risk as both a necessary part of military operations and as a series of hazards to the force. Risk is not just a list of “things to avoid and mitigate,” but instead must be identified and categorized into two separate classes: accidental and operational. A conflation of these two types of risk directly contributes to the perception that the US military is a “risk averse” organization that refuses to allow for and appropriately reward prudent risk-taking. Thusly, Joint Doctrine must specify the differences between accidental and operational risk in a more deliberate way than it currently does in order to provide clarity to commanders and staffs.
Even though the originators of the drone did not envision the use of pilots to remotely control them the way we do today, there is a need to reshape the debate due to current rhetoric surrounding their use. The DoD and various intellectual leaders in policy and academia need to provide more nuance in what drones actually do in war and in non-war operations.
To achieve dominance in the networked age, the U.S. Air Force must build organizational expertise that can foster a culture that lives and breathes multi-domain integration.
The military is at a crossroads. Overmatch in firepower and maneuver led to its past successes, but they alone cannot win tomorrow’s wars. The concept of MDB is a method for today’s tactical leaders to change the playing field of tomorrow’s wars.
Unlike most industrial-era schools of thought, human beings are not interchangeable cogs in a machine, and this is the basis for modern talent management. Ultimately, readiness is ensuring that Service members are placed in jobs with the right training, equipment, experience, and background to allow for successful mission accomplishment.
Team OTH asks a former U.S. Defense Attaché to Moscow about his experiences and Russia’s perspective on international security.
Welcome to OTH’s second podcast! For this episode we’ve brought together a group of experts to discuss two topics that have consumed Defense policy and academic conversations over the last few years: Multi-Domain Operations and Gray Zone Conflict.