DROP ZONE: Logistics in Multi-Domain Operations

Over the Horizon is excited to announce a series of collaborations with experts from partner nations!

Understanding Change: Improve, Innovate, or Create?

Innovation is not an end in and of itself, but rather a tool that can be used to achieve a desired end.
By Jon Farley

Outlining the Multi-Domain Operating Concept

By Jonathan Bott Hew Strachan wrote that “getting the questions right is the first step to finding the correct answers.” In considering the challenges of

DROP ZONE: Why Multi-Domain Operations?

War in the age of technological integration and globalization has eliminated the right of weapons to label war and, with regard to the new starting

Getting off the Bench: Challenges to Integrating Cyber into Multi-Domain Operations

Utilizing cyberspace as a warfighting domain is still, however, in its infancy. It must evolve similar to how the utilization of the air domain evolved during the 20th century
By Joed Carbonell

C4ISR Concerns for Air Mobility Command

AMC C4ISR capability is dependent on deployment and sustainment capabilities provided by multiple organizations using a mixture of classified and unclassified systems. These systems have significant vulnerabilities in regards to operational security and potential cyber attacks.
By Isaiah Oppelaar

Combat Cloud: A High Tech Solution to a Low Tech Problem

Building a common operating picture from data stored in a cloud environment and creating the illusion of the availability of perfect information creates three large risks: joint forces become more vulnerable to Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) attacks and reflexive control strategies; command, control, and execution become increasingly centralized; and an information-denied environment causes decision paralysis.
By Katrina Schweiker

Putting the Advantage of Mass Back into Airpower: RPA Utility Beyond the COIN Fight

The USAF and broader DOD must seriously examine the potential role for RPAs beyond the permissive battle-spaces they currently excel in. They have far more to offer than surveillance and precision strikes against undefended, soft targets.
By Mark Nexon

DROP ZONE: Decision Making

Innovation continues the quest to provide more perfect information and decrease the risk of making an incorrect decision.

Energy: The Dominant Element of the National Instruments of Power

Economic globalization, industrial modernization, and the technological revolution have led to the emergence of an element of a nation’s power that underpins them all: energy.
By Mike Benitez, Prichard Keely, and Mark Nexon

Air Mobility, Multi-Domain Operations, and the MAF’s Future: an Interview with General Everhart

“We need to be able to move at the speed of electrons and to be able to do C2 over the horizon, and know where we are with precision navigation and timing inside a multi-domain space.”

DROP ZONE: Multi-Domain C2

Next week, OTH looks at multi-domain command and control as well as how energy can be leverage as an instrument of national power.

Purpose Driven Operations

It is incumbent upon commanders to develop purposes for subordinate operations first and subsequently build the tasks. The “why” trumps the “how” both in importance and in priority.
By Tom Flounders

The Future of Mission Command: an Interview with Mr. Michael McCarthy

The Future of Mission Command: “We conceived a system in the 1990’s that is based on 1980’s technology. There is a groundswell of folks that are saying we need a new approach.”

DROP ZONE: Joint Command and Control

Our Services need to mature and lead the drive to Jointness, both across the DOD and the complex American alliance system

Innovative Space Solutions

Integrating low cost near-space balloon technology with cyber, space, air, maritime, and land forces will operationalize near-space and allow the US to retain its asymmetric advantage over future adversaries.
By Brent Cantrell

Multi-Domain Battle: Does it End the Never-Ending Quest for Joint Readiness?

Future jointness demands fundamental changes to organizing, training, and equipping the joint force to meet combatant commander multi-domain requirements.
By Mike Benitez

Multi-Domain Strategic Thinking: What Problem Are We Trying to Solve?

Multi-domain strategy therefore requires patterns of thought characterized by focus on affecting human cognition, distilling clarity from complex environments, and planning and executing operations within the uncertainty of future conflict.
By Wilford Garvin

Looking Beyond Your Service for Multi-Domain Success

For “multi-domain” to be an effective concept, the military and civilian government must have a common understanding of the term, its implications on operations, command and control (C2), acquisitions, and the necessity of military multi-domain operations to be tied into the whole-of-government’s strategic framework.
By Aaron Sick

Drop Zone: Multi-Domain Operations and the Joint Force

During the next two weeks, OTH will offer several articles to discuss the overall mindset and scope of multi-domain operations.

Making Sense of Irregular War

Irregularity in terms of non-uniformed forces and indirect force application describe how the war is fought, not why. While this may seem like academic semantics, it is not.
By Joe Brown

Climate Change, Multi-Domain Risk, and the Complexity of Interagency Science Policy: An Interview with Dr. April Melvin

Increasing temperatures and potentially intensifying weather patterns will impact conventional military operations, the broader impacts of climate change on global trends and the human domain pose a far larger dilemma for the American military.

DROP ZONE: Climate Change and the Impact on Operations

Next week in “Climate Change, Multi-Domain Risk, and the Complexity of Interagency Science Policy” OTH Senior Editor Mark Nexon interviews Dr. April Melvin.

Multi-Domain Command and Control: The Air Force Perspective with Brigadier General B. Chance Saltzman (Part 2 of 2)

How do we need to organize as an Air Force to provide multi-domain capabilities? Second, how do we train our forces so they can provide multi-domain capability? Finally, how are we equipping our forces so they can do it?

Multi-Domain Operations and Strategy in the American Revolution

George Washington’s objective was achieving victory in the human domain, and it proved to be the decisive factor for strategic victory.
By Tom Flounders

Multi-Domain Command and Control: The Air Force Perspective with Brigadier General B. Chance Saltzman (Part 1 of 2)

OTH interviews the US Air Force’s lead on developing multi-domain Command and Control.

DROPZONE: How Does the Air Force See Multi-Domain Operations?

A new concept, one the Army in particular is meaningfully exploring, is quickly coming into vogue in the Pentagon. Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) looks to combine

Reflexive Control in Operational Art: Designing Emergent Opportunity in the Vicksburg Campaign

True victory in military operations arises through the acceptance of defeat by one of the antagonists. Despite this, military decision making frequently devolves into analysis of things over thoughts. Grant demonstrated mastery of this concept at Vicksburg.
By Wilford Garvin

DROP ZONE: Looking Backwards in Order to Look Forwards

History may not easily divulge its true lessons. But by objectively analyzing past wars, we can begin to see the commonalities that commanders can exploit to achieve success.

Bridging Startup and Military Cyber Cultures Part I: A Startup Chief Technical Officer Reflects on his Military Roots

The military cyber community lacks a solid culture to set the tone and expectations for how fusing cyber and kinetic operations should be conducted, central to enabling effective multi-domain operations.
By John Myers

DROP ZONE: A Cultural Crossroads: Shaping Military Cyber Operations Culture

Organizational culture is central to how a group performs … or fails to. It sets group norms, expectations, and values that shape and focus individual

Deterrence in a Complex Nuclear Future

As the United States Air Force prepares itself for the future, it must look critically at the manner in which it achieves nuclear deterrence. The world in which we live and the adversaries whom we strive to deter are far different, and so our deterrence method must also evolve. In order to defeat our adversaries in the future, we must prepare now.
By Mary Yelnicker

DROP ZONE: Time to Revisit Nuclear Deterrence Strategy?

US nuclear deterrence strategy must be revised to fit the nature of future conflicts. More coming next week.

China: Case Studies on Geoeconomics

If America expects to maintain its economic and military advantages around the globe, it must also reinforce existing diplomatic, economic, and military relationships to avoid a premature end to US global primacy.
By Aaron Sick and Mark Nexon

Reshaping Centralized Control / Decentralized Execution for the Emerging Operating Environment

Centralized Control, Decentralized Execution remains as a central tenet for how the Air Force organizes to successfully employ airpower. But we cannot assume that the single theater COMAFFOR directly executing C2 over fielded forces without active participation by subordinate echelons will remain viable in the face of a near peer competitor.
By Brian McLean

The Problem with “Airpower”

The United States Air Force’s definition of airpower is merely a description of all Air Force activities and is incorrect.
By Tom Flounders

C-X: Next-Gen Cargo Plane for the Joint Force

Change in the operational environment between now and 2036 requires the Air Force to aggressively develop a vertical and/or short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) tactical airlift platform.
By Matthew Andrews

DROP ZONE: The Future of Tactical Airlift

The joint operating environment will undergo many changes in the next 10-20 years. The proliferation of disruptive technology will further enhance an adversary’s anti-access and

Singaporean Perspective on Building Partner Capacity in Southwest Asia – An Interview

China’s rise challenges the Asia-Pacific’s balance of power, making it difficult for relatively smaller Pacific nations. Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and others compete for natural resources and in fiscal markets with their larger neighbors.
By Allison Hardwick

On the Precipice: The Future of Cyber & Intelligence with Vice Admiral Jan Tighe

“The Navy’s intelligence operations writ large and cyberspace operations, specifically, are on the precipice of being able to fully capitalize on the variety and velocity of data coming from both organic sensors and Open Source to create battlespace awareness and inform decision making in ways we never imagined in the past.”

DROP ZONE: Naval Information Warfare in Multi-Domain Operations

The Defense community is only at the beginning of developing a common understanding and vision for multi-domain operations and strategy. Join us Monday for a special interview with VADM Tighe.

A Three-Legged Stool? – Changing the Defense Acquisition System Paradigm

“Do you want it fast, cheap, or good? You only get two.” The Defense Acquisition System provides limited utility for the warfighter in procuring effective and suitable equipment in a timely and cost-effective manner.
By Michael Morgan

Reflexive Control By Design: Crafting Emergent Opportunity in Complex Systems

Reflexive control theory encourages patterns of strategic thought that increase a leader’s ability to shape environments and defeat an adversary’s strategy.
By Wilford Garvin

Winning Tomorrow’s War Today: A Cyber Revolution in Personnel Management

Cyberspace is the key terrain of the present RMA because it connects the domains together, creating an integrated layer of joint-force effectiveness
By Brian Viola, Erica L. Fountain, and Michael C. Williams

Building an Effective Cyber Force

An important lesson airpower’s evolution of thought regarding who is fit to fly aircraft can be applied to the cyberspace operations career field: the uniformed cyberspace operator does not necessarily have to be a computational genius.
By Katrina Schweiker

DROP ZONE: Reflexive Control in Modern Warfare

Reflexive control is a term that has recently surfaced as a description of Russian strategic and operational planning and goals. However, as a concept it has been around for ages. More coming on Monday.

Regional Command: A New “Whole of Community” Approach

A whole of government approach is lacking and therefore the United States restructure its regional leadership construct .
By Isaiah Oppelaar

DROP ZONE: Effective Use of National Instruments of Power

The lesson will be learned the hard way if the US does not take action to better synchronize the efforts of government-at-large.

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